Country brief: Finland (FI)
EU member? Yes
OECD member? Yes
Regulatory authority:VISESTINTAVIRASTO (link)
Number of operators:3
Of which mobile-centric:3
Population:5,487,308
Mobile data penetration: 143.4%
Spectrum assigned: 536.4 MHz
700 MHz band assigned?
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Data volume 2015: 627,356 TB
Data volume per pop 2015: 9.53 GB/month/capita (top: Finland, 9.53)
Spectrum usage 2015: 213.1 MB/year/MHz/pop (top: Finland, 213.1)
Group
Operator
Mobile-centric?
Zero-rating video?
Zero-rating any app?
SIMs
GB for €30
(smartphones)
GB for €25
MBB
(data-only)
Total low and high frequency spectrum MHz
Data volume 2015 TB
Data volume 2Q2016 TB
MB/year/MHz per pop 2015
MB/year/MHz per pop 2Q 2016
ElisaElisa-FI
This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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4,075,700unlimited
This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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182.00272,000103,000272.36412.54
TeliaCompanySonera-FI
This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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3,297,000unlimited
This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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182.00175356175.59
DNADNA-FI
This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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2,668,000unlimited
This information is available in the DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet.
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172.40183,000193.44
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Source: DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet, 2H2016. The spreadsheet includes 1,775 4G LTE smartphone (with at least 1,000 minutes and SMSs) and data-only tariffs. Tariffs may have tethering or mobility restrictions. The DFMonitor-PRO Spreadsheet allows the analysis of any gigabyte or price baskets. It includes median fully allocated and weighted average incremental gigabyte prices per country and per operator as well all zero-rated or differential priced applications per country and per operator. The spreadsheet includes historic annually reported mobile data volume per country dating back to 2007 (where available) and quarterly reported mobile data volume per operator dating back to 1Q2013 (where available). The spreadsheet includes the total amount of assigned spectrum per country and per 700, 800, 900, 1800, 2100 and 2600 MHz band and historic spectrum usage figures starting from 2H2016. It includes the spectrum holdings per operator and per 700, 800, 900, 1800, 2100 and 2600 MHz band and historic usage figures starting from 2H2016.
Further mobile data competitiveness and spectrum mertics and insights on Finland (FI) for industry professionals
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Insights, reports and external articles citing DFMonitor about Finland
Is spectrum usage harmonised across the EU28 national mobile markets?
2016
5G
spectrum
mobile-first
networkeconomics
Vodafone
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Orange
KPN
DNA
Elisa
Tele2
Finland
Greece

November 2016
Spectrum harmonisation: the key to 5G? Rewheel's material presented on the ECTA Regulatory Conference 2016

The Commission proposed wholesale data roaming cap of €8.5/GB is anomalous and will distort competition in North-Eastern mobile markets where retail gigabyte prices are competitive
2016
roaming
networkeconomics
Finland
Poland
Denmark
France
United Kingdom
Italy
Germany
Spain

October 2016
UPDATED with DG Competition's response to Rewheel's concerns. How low should the wholesale data roaming cap be in 2017 to avoid the distortion of competition in North-Eastern domestic mobile markets where retail gigabyte prices are competitive?

Finnish-like unlimited mobile data model now proliferating in Europe
2016
Finland
Germany
Hungary
Elisa
Vodafone
DNA
mobile-first
spectrum
roaming
pricing
networkeconomics

[External post, Linkedin]
October 2016
Efficient use of radio spectrum resources: Elisa Finland is the world's most efficient operator in turning MHz-s into gigabytes. Elisa in Finland pumps 26 times as much gigabyte per MHz per population as Vodafone in Germany. Unlimited mobile data model spreading in Europe, increasing North-South tentions in the EU mobile data roam like at home debate.

Success of the unconventional Finnish mobile data model
2016
Finland
Hungary
mobile-first

[External post, Linkedin]
July 2016
A few mind-opening facts about the unconventional Finnish mobile data model. Linkedin post by Rewheel's senior partner.

Mobile data usage (gigabyte volume) in Finland is set to overtake fixed-line broadband usage in Germany in 2016
2016
Finland
Germany
mobile-first
Elisa
Dna
TeliaCompany
networkeconomics

May 2016
In 2016 mobile data volume consumption per person in Finland is set to exceed fixed-line broadband volume consumption per person in Germany. Anecdotal evidence reported by WDR (German public media) indicated that younger users are frustrated by very restrictive smartphone plan volume caps.

Europe’s great data divide - Not all countries are created equal when it comes to mobile data usage in the European Union.
2015
Germany
Hungary
Finland
France
United Kingdom
Poland
pricing

[External article, POLITICO Europe]
May 2015
POLITICO.eu reporting on the launch and key findings of the 3rd DFMonitor release.

A critical look into the uncertain future of open mobile internet access in Europe
2014
zero-rating
roaming
Finland

May 2014
This report has been commissioned by Viestintävirasto, the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority.

Spectrum use in Finland and the UK versus Germany
2014
Finland
United Kingdom
Germany
spectrum
networkeconomics

March 2014
According to data reported by the national regulatory authorities and presented in the first release (1H2014) of the DFMonitor the average monthly mobile data consumption per capita varies greatly across EU28. In 2012 the Finnish consumed on average 1.49 Gigabyte every month while the British 0.38 Gigabyte. The Germans on the other hand consumed a dismal 0.15 Gigabyte every month. Why do consumers in competitive markets (where a challenger operator is present) consume up to 10 times more mobile data than consumers in protected markets such as Germany? Are Germans less eager users of the internet?

Competitive mobile markets bolster take up, says study
2014
release
pricing
Iliad
United Kingdom
Finland
Austria
Germany
Ireland
United States
Vodafone
Orange
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Iliad
Tele2
Hutchison

[External article, The Financial Times, subscription required]
March 2014
Rewheel is launching a tracker of prices, performance, spectrum use, consumption and adoption across Europe, which includes 1,404 smartphone and data-only tariff plans offered in 43 countries from 145 operators.

Lack of competition inflates EU smartphone costs
2013
Iliad
Tele2
Hutchison
Vodafone
DeutscheTelekom
Orange
Telefonica
Greece
United States
Spain
Germany
Finland
Denmark
United Kingdom
release

[External article, The Financial Times, subscription required]
January 2013
Mobile users pay up to 10 times more to use smartphones in EU countries that lack an independent “challenger” telecoms group outside the large, dominant pan-European operators, according to Rewheel's research.

2010
Germany
Finland
spectrum
networkeconomics

August 2010
There is a common opinion in the industry that 3G/HSPA mobile data networks are congested because operators are running out of their spectrum resources. Considering the traffic demand, likely traffic geo-distribution, daily profile and the constrains of HSPA and LTE technology our models show that in typical mature mobile telecommunications markets spectrum scarcity alone does not cause a capacity crunch yet.


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