Tight oligopolies and the need for ex ante regulation – Why BEREC is right and ETNO is wrong
August 2015
- BEREC published in June 2015 a draft report (link) on the future regulatory treatment of oligopolies in the context of ex ante regulation
- There are substantial empirical market evidences supporting the notion that close to half of EU’s mobile markets exhibit tight oligopoly non- or sub-competitive market outcomes
- In 2012 Rewheel used for the first time empirical market evidences such as mobile internet access prices and type of operators present (E5 or independent challengers) to characterize effective competition in EU’s 28 national markets
- In 2013 and 2014 we published research backed by empirical market evidences on three non-coordinated potentially anticompetitive tight oligopoly effects: a) protecting fixed broadband revenues from mobile broadband b) protecting group wide revenues across the European footprint c) favouring own services with price discrimination (zero-rating)
- During the 4th quarter of 2015 Rewheel will publish “tight oligopoly index” rankings based on empirical market metrics
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2015
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Featured research reports
O2 – Ready to disrupt the German tight oligopoly market
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
pricing
merger
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Germany
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone

April 2017
In March 2017 Telefonica O2 Germany announced 3.5 GHz (they have 83 MHz) Massive MIMO (= very high capacity LTE macro sectors) field trials with Huawei for wireless home broadband and 4K video. Our models predict that O2's macro site grid and spectrum resources (FDD+TDD) could allow it to drive fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution in Germany by connecting millions of households with HD TV service on its high capacity LTE network.

Capacity utilization and fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution potential – A study of 64 European operators
2017
networkeconomics
mobile-first
spectrum
5G
massiveMIMO
Finland
United Kingdom
Poland
Austria
Germany
Hutchison
Telefonica
Play
Elisa

March 2017
When LTE base stations are upgraded to 'Gigabit' speed the gigabyte volume capacity of the networks also greatly expands. We modelled LTE network capacity based on existing FDD and TDD spectrum holdings (and potential acquisitions in 2.3 and 3.4-3.8 GHz bands) and sizes of the macro site grids. Without and with Massive MIMO in the TDD bands. Topical for operators contemplating fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution ahead of upcoming 700, 1500 (SDL), 2300, 3400-3600 MHz spectrum auctions.

Four year comparative study of unit prices in 4-MNO and in the 4 to 3 consolidated German & Austrian markets
2017
pricing
merger
Germany
Austria
Italy
Denmark
United Kingdom
France
Poland
Sweden
Netherlands
Hutchison
Telefonica
Iliad
Play
Tele2
Vimpelcom

January 2017
The gap between gigabyte prices in the 4 to 3 consolidated Austrian & German markets and prices in 4-MNO markets where no consolidation has taken place had substantially increased by September 2016

The market is changing. Mobile data pricing and network economics metrics and research reports for industry professionals
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