DFMonitor-PRO and public insights, research notes, reports, external articles 2010–2017
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2016
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Tight oligopoly mobile markets in EU28 in 2016
2016
spectrum
networkeconomics
pricing
merger
mobile-first
zero-rating
Germany
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Telefonica
Orange

December 2016
Fixed-line broadband interest, zero-rating video and big telco ownership impedes competition in mobile markets

Hutchison Austria quadrupled data allowances after national regulatory authority’s intervention on zero-rating video
2016
Austria
Hutchison
zero-rating
data-caps

December 2016
The regulator intervened along the EU net neutrality rules and BEREC guidelines that prohibit differential throttling when the internet-access data cap is exhausted.

Is spectrum usage harmonised across the EU28 national mobile markets?
2016
5G
spectrum
mobile-first
networkeconomics
Vodafone
Telefonica
DeutscheTelekom
Orange
KPN
DNA
Elisa
Tele2
Finland
Greece

November 2016
Spectrum harmonisation: the key to 5G? Rewheel's material presented on the ECTA Regulatory Conference 2016

The Commission proposed wholesale data roaming cap of €8.5/GB is anomalous and will distort competition in North-Eastern mobile markets where retail gigabyte prices are competitive
2016
roaming
networkeconomics
Finland
Poland
Denmark
France
United Kingdom
Italy
Germany
Spain

October 2016
UPDATED with DG Competition's response to Rewheel's concerns. How low should the wholesale data roaming cap be in 2017 to avoid the distortion of competition in North-Eastern domestic mobile markets where retail gigabyte prices are competitive?


Finnish-like unlimited mobile data model now proliferating in Europe
2016
Finland
Germany
Hungary
Elisa
Vodafone
DNA
mobile-first
spectrum
roaming
pricing
networkeconomics

[External post, Linkedin]
October 2016
Efficient use of radio spectrum resources: Elisa Finland is the world's most efficient operator in turning MHz-s into gigabytes. Elisa in Finland pumps 26 times as much gigabyte per MHz per population as Vodafone in Germany. Unlimited mobile data model spreading in Europe, increasing North-South tentions in the EU mobile data roam like at home debate.

Italian mobile merger proves 4 is the magic number
2016
Iliad
Italy
Hutchison
Wind
Vimpelcom

[External article, POLITICO PRO, subscription required]
September 2016
If Iliad has the same growth trajectory in Italy as it has had in France, Rewheel expects Iliad will control 20 percent of the market within five years.

Xavier Niel, the most aggressive telecom entrepreneur in Europe, is officially on his way to Italy
2016
Iliad
Italy
Hutchison
Wind
Vimpelcom

[External article, Bloomberg]
September 2016
Article presents DFMonitor EU-US 4G prices analaysis chart

Effective structural remedies for Hutchison-WIND 4 to 3 Italian mobile merger
2016
Iliad
Italy
Hutchison
Wind
Vimpelcom

September 2016
This research report was submitted to Commissioner Vestager and DG Competition on 30th May 2016, three months prior to the European Commission's announcment (link) of approving the merger subject to remedies.

Why T-Mobile and Sprint’s limited unlimited plans won’t open the data floodgates
2016
United States
DeutscheTelekom
Softbank

[External article, Telecom TV]
August 2016
“Once you move away from volume plans and down the unlimited route, the substitution effect will start taking shape. It takes time for the consumers to realise that they do not need to pay twice for the same thing.”


EU’s 5G competition challenge
2016
5G
mobile-first
networkeconomics

July 2016
A handful of big telco groups – with vested interests in fixed-line broadband – impose very restrictive mobile internet usage caps. This raises serious concerns that these telco groups – that tightly control most EU national markets – will not be incentivised to sell competitively priced 5G internet access.

Success of the unconventional Finnish mobile data model
2016
Finland
Hungary
mobile-first

[External post, Linkedin]
July 2016
A few mind-opening facts about the unconventional Finnish mobile data model. Linkedin post by Rewheel's senior partner.


O2 nearly triples GB volume allowances (for the same price) after the Commission blocked the 4 to 3 merger in the UK
2016
United Kingdom
Telefonica
O2
Hutchsion

July 2016
Before the blocked merger £25 bought O2 customers 8 gigabytes. Now O2 customers get three times more gigabytes i.e. 25GB by spending £25

Mobile Price Wars: No Sign of Peace in Europe
2016
United States
Iliad
France
Verizon
ATT
DeutscheTelekom
Softbank
Hutchison
Italy
United Kingdom
Telefonica
Vodafone

[External article, The Wall Street Journal]
June 2016
The gap between European and U.S. mobile pricing seems likely to remain wide.

The EC proposed wholesale data roaming cap of €8.5/GB is much higher than domestic retail prices across most EU states
2016
roaming
pricing

June 2016
The Commission proposed wholesale data roaming cap of €8.5/GB appears to be carefully calibrated to protect the very high domestic retail prices charged by operators in tight oligopoly markets (e.g. Germany, Spain) while penalizing operators with competitive much lower domestic retail prices (e.g. Finland, Denmark, Poland)

Mobile data usage (gigabyte volume) in Finland is set to overtake fixed-line broadband usage in Germany in 2016
2016
Finland
Germany
mobile-first
Elisa
Dna
TeliaCompany
networkeconomics

May 2016
In 2016 mobile data volume consumption per person in Finland is set to exceed fixed-line broadband volume consumption per person in Germany. Anecdotal evidence reported by WDR (German public media) indicated that younger users are frustrated by very restrictive smartphone plan volume caps.


Telenor Denmark – Turnaround strategy
2016
Telenor
Denmark
mobile-first
networkeconomics

April 2016
Telenor’s Danish strategy is in tatters. Telenor’s 4 to 3 consolidation attempt was blocked by the European Commission while its ‘me too’ strategy has been a failure dragging down its profitability. Can Telenor turn the business around and return to profitability?

Three years after the 4 to 3 merger €25 buys Austrians only half the gigabyte allowance than it did before the merger approval
2016
Hutchison
Austria

March 2016
Before the merger Austria was ranked as the 3rd most competitive mobile market among EU28. Three years after the merger Austria has fallen to the 10th place.

Who’s afraid of the big bad wolf? Probably Telefonica and Hutchison
2016
United Kingdom
Hutchison
Iliad
Telefonica
merger

[External article, Telecom TV]
February 2016
"Here’s the deal. I think that Hutchison (owners of 3) will be willing to complete the merger with O2 even if it meant a new fourth operator had to be established in the market. But that would depend on who the operator was."

The approval of the 4 to 3 Telefonica E-Plus merger with Mickey Mouse MVNO remedies made Germany the least competitive market in EU28
2016
Germany
KPN
Telefonica

February 2016
Denmark vs Germany. Decoupling of mobile internet access prices and gigabyte consumption.

Hutchison has increased prices in Austria by up to 92% after the 4 to 3 merger was approved with Mickey Mouse MVNO remedies
2016
Austria
Hutchison

February 2016
Unit prices (retail price / GB volume allowance) ≠ Unit revenues (revenues / actual GB consumption)

Price competition intensified in Denmark in the run-up to the Commission’s decision and after the 4 to 3 merger was blocked
2016
Denmark
TeliaSonera
Telenor

February 2016
The average gigabyte price in Denmark is now 63% lower than it was in April 2015 when the European Commission opened an in-depth investigation

Effectiveness of MVNO wholesale access remedies
2016
MVNO
mergers
remedies

January 2016
Comprehensive analysis of commercial and merger mandated MVNO wholesale access frameworks and assessment of their efficacy in restoring effective competition in 4 to 3 mobile mergers

Hutchison defies Vestager and increases prices, ahead of its planned acquisition of o2 in the UK, for the fourth time
2016
United Kingdom
Three
Hucthison
Telefonica

January 2016
Hutchison appears to be confident that price increases will not deter the European Commission from approving the 4 to 3 merger

Tight oligopoly mobile markets in EU28 in 2015
2016
spectrum
pricing
merger
mobile-first
zero-rating
Germany
DeutscheTelekom
Vodafone
Telefonica
Orange

January 2016
Comprehensive analysis of factors that give rise to unilateral anti-competitive effects leading to non-competitive outcomes and consumer harm in tight mobile oligopolies.

Fixed-to-mobile broadband substitution
Mobile data usage in Finland
Effectiveness of MVNO remedies
Tight oligopoly markets in EU28
EU's first 700 MHz spectrum auction
DFMonitor in the international media
Reducing Wireless Competition in Europe
The New York Times (editorial)


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